Poles types generally fit into one of the following categories; Competition, Power, All-Round or Margin.

Competition Poles are usually used for targetting smaller fish, often in competitions (or matches), hence the name 'competition'. They are generally lighter and stiffer than Power, All-Round or Margin poles, and are best suited to rivers, canals and commercial fisheries where carp average less than 3lb. Most competition poles are rated up to a size 12 elastic, when fitted with a match top kit, though elastics to a size 20 can be accommodated when a power top kit is fitted. Top-end competition poles are often more expensive than any other type of pole.

Power Poles are usually used for targetting larger fish, often in commercial fisheries or venues where larger fish are present. They are generally heavier, and less-stiff than Competition or All-Round poles, and are best suited to commercial fisheries and venues where fish frequently exceed 3lb. Most power poles are rated to a 20 elastic though 'match kits' can be fitted, with a 12 elastic rating', which will make the pole lighter and more responsive when targetting smaller fish.

All-Round Poles are for general use and aim to cover the requirements of both 'Competition' and 'Power' pole types. While it is generally accepted that an All-Round pole will not be as strong as a dedicated power pole, or as light as a dedicated competition pole, they are an ideal choice where an angler visits a variety of venues. Like power and competition poles, All-Round poles can be fitted with power tops rated to a 20 elastic, or match tops rated to a 12 elastic rating which will make the pole lighter and more responsive when targetting smaller fish.

Margin Poles are a speciality tool dedicated to fishing for large fish, usually near snags down the edges, or margins, of commercial and big-fish venues. Margin poles are very strong, often accommodating elastics well in excess of 20, and capable of extracting double figure carp from a snaggy swim. In order to achieve the necessary power, margin poles are relatively heavy for their length, though is is usually not a problem as a margin pole will rarely be longer than 9 metres. Margin poles are frequently used as an alternative to risking breakage of expensive long poles in scenarios where considerable force is needed to capture large fish in a snaggy environment.

The Shimano TECHNIUM XTB 1000 is classed as a Margin Pole.